Shakespeare’s Final Play

An intriguing play, The Tempest is now one of Shakespeare’s most popular works, but this wasn’t always the case.

It is believed that Shakespeare’s The Tempest was written between 1610 and 1611. However, there are researchers who argue that the play may have been composed earlier than this. Unlike other Shakespeare plays, The Tempest does not have a known source material, which leads some to state that it is the only Shakespeare play with a completely original plot. That said, the play does contain themes found in Ovid’s Metamorphosis and the work of Michel de Montaigne.

History of the Play’s Performance

Despite containing many aspects that would seem to appeal to an early 17th-century audience, such as colonialism, shipwrecks, and commedia dell’arte, history suggests that The Tempest did no make much of an impact in its day. After the reopening of the theatres, during the Restoration, adapted versions of the play were performed, but not the original. In fact, it was not until the mid-1800s that theatre companies began to stage Shakespeare’s version of the play.

In more recent years, The Tempest has been re-evaluated by critics and scholars. Consequently, the play is now rated among Shakespeare’s best.

Synopsis of The Tempest

The play opens aboard a ship that is being ravaged by a huge storm. Soon, the passengers and crew are shipwrecked and find themselves on a remote island. The audience learns that Prospero, a powerful sorcerer, has caused the wreck to exact revenge upon his brother who usurped his position as Duke of Milan.

The action of the play takes place on the island, which Prospero and his daughter, Miranda, were banished to twelve years previously. The only native inhabitants of the island are Caliban, a deformed and allegedly monstrous creature, who hates Prospero for claiming the island as his own, and Ariel, a spirit who has agreed to serve Prospero in exchange for eventual freedom.

Lack of Action in The Tempest

One of the most intriguing aspects of The Tempest is that it does not contain any real action and there is no sense of forwarding motion in the plot. Much of the ‘action’ of the play is conducted off stage, for example, the usurpation of the Dukedom, the attempted rape of Miranda and the shipwreck. In addition, the vain attempts to kill the King of Naples and the drunken efforts of the sailors and Caliban to disable Prospero are all doomed to fail.

Moreover, the romance between Miranda and Ferdinand is established at an early point of the play. Therefore, the audience is treated to the comedic bungling of the drunken Trinculo and Stephano, and the exaction of revenge upon Sebastian and Antonio.

Theatrical Devices Used by Shakespeare

The Tempest is one of only two Shakespeare plays that conform to Aristotle’s three unities. Interestingly, the other is one of Shakespeare’s earliest plays, The Comedy of Errors.

Intriguingly, The Tempest does not shy away from addressing the subjects of theatre and acting. In this way, it could be said that The Tempest has a post-modern slant, (although the theory of postmodernism was not coined until nearly 400 years after Shakespeare’s death) because Shakespeare frequently draws similarities between Prospero’s magic and the art of theatre. This, of course, is not unusual for Shakespeare, as he makes many references to theatre and the art of acting throughout his works.

Shakespeare also courts a controversial subject with the inclusion of magic within the play. Again, this is not unique; there are elements of magic in many plays, including A Midsummer Night’s Dream and Macbeth. However, in The Tempest, Shakespeare is portraying a rational human practitioner of magic, which is extremely unusual and accounts for play’s initial unpopularity.

Lens color and UV light absorption are considerations to discuss with an eye care practitioner when choosing lenses for AMD.

Age-related macular degeneration, or AMD, is an eye disease that affects central vision. The most usual cause of severe vision loss, macular degeneration usually affects people over the age of 60 to 65. AMD causes problems with perception, impairs reading and driving but it does not cause blindness.

Wet and Dry AMD

Macular degeneration the part of the eye called the macula which is located in the retina’s center. AMD, or age-related macular degeneration, creates a blind spot in a person’s central vision. According to The Ohio State University Medical Center, there are two types of AMD, wet and dry.

Most degeneration is associated with natural aging but some types can be caused by heredity or medicines. Dry AMD is the most common type of macular degeneration and is age-related. Wet AMD is more severe and is caused by new blood vessel growth behind the retina and a blind spot caused by leaking blood.

Changeable Lenses and Color Variety are Important for Macular Degeneration Vision Problems

Transition lenses, also called photochromic lenses, are sometimes prescribed for AMD because they change from nearly clear indoors to darker outdoors. This type of affordable lenses provides clarity of vision and comfort for someone with macular degeneration.

The technology used for the most popular brands of photochromic lenses is owned by Transitions Optical, according to the All About Vision website. Most people refer to photochromic lenses as “transition lenses.” Changeable lenses are sold by many lens manufacturers, but Transition Optical is the most popular.

Photochromic lenses come in a variety of colors and materials.

Ultraviolet and Blue Light Filtering Lenses for AMD

Changeable lenses filter blue light and 100% of UV light, which is important for anyone with macular degeneration. Some sunglasses have UV protection but the blue light filter is also an important feature of AMD eyewear.

Help for Color Distinction and Reduced Contrast with Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration reduces the ability to distinguish color and detail and also causes reduced contrast vision. The Dr. Bill Takeshita Foundation website notes that certain lens colors can help a person with AMD distinguish details better. Eye care practitioners are trained to help patients with AMD to select the best type of lens color for specific AMD problems.

Specific lenses help with contrast vision, which is important for perception or low vision associated with macula problems. A yellow or brown tint or contrast filter will help a person with AMD be able to see a curb or step when walking. Gray and green lenses help provide comfort from glare and sensitivity to light that is associated with macular degeneration.

Reduced Glare and Specialty Coloring of Transitioning Lenses for AMD

Most photochromic lenses work by because the material in the lens reacts to UV light. However, car windshields absorb UV light and prevent the lenses from darkening. Transition Optical has created a new lens technology called XTRAcitve that darkens inside vehicles. Drivewear Lenses developed by Younger Optics changes color when worn inside a car and is also polarized to help reduce glare.

Corning’s CPF glass photochromic lenses have the option of a specially selected red color for macular degeneration and lenses that cut glare that is prescribed specially for AMD patients.

Additional Considerations for AMD

Regular eye examinations are important for people diagnosed with macular degeneration. Eye doctors usually ask patients with AMD to monitor their symptoms at home by checking their vision often with an Amsler Grid.

July 08-17 | 8 pm Wednesday-Saturday, 7:30 pm Sunday-Monday

presented by
The PIT Collective

The play takes place in Los Angeles, in the late 1940s. Crime novelist from New York is taking the offer from a producer of Hollywood, to adapt into screenplay his latest novel. Is he willing to give up on his mundane life for fortune and fame?  As the marriage of the author is falling apart, simultaneously, we are following the adventures of his main character the detective. Detective Stone with his witty remarks has a certain way with the woman but is constantly haunted by the one woman who got away in this interesting noir crime novel.

Slideluck Vancouver III

April 23 | Dinner at 7 pm – Show at 8 pm

Doors at 6 pm- Purchase tickets here

Photography art show with jury plus dinner in potluck style A juried art photography slideshow + potluck style dinner; in co-occurrence with CAPTURE Festival of Photography. Co-hosted with CAPIC Vancouver.

Fundraiser Concert for Syrian-Armenian Refugees

APRIL 08 | 8:00pm

Doors at 7:30 pm presented by The Armenian Cultural Association

TICKETS $30 Purchase Online Phone 1-800-838-3006 INFORMATION

On the occasion of the Armenian Cultural Association’s 48th anniversary, a fundraising concert has been organized for 25 refugee Syrian-Armenian families, who have recently arrived in Vancouver from their war-torn.

Coming soon: Robin Hood: Prince of Tease

This play is an original theatre production in burlesque style and is inspired by the classic Robin Hood tale with a bit of a twist. In this play, most of the characters have a different gender than the original. The story is following Robin as she and her merry woman are conspiring to stop the terrors of Prince Joan and her evil sidekick, the Nottingham Sheriff. As the story goes, Robin must learn precious lessons about teamwork and honor if she wants to save the kingdom from Joan’s hands.